George I is 356 years old today. How many cheers for the Hanoverian-Saxe-Coburg Gotha-Windsors? I
As a republican, I love the Royal Family more than any monarchist.
356 years ago, the future George I was born, in essence the founder of the present dynasty. There have been a few name changes since George’s day, but all monarchs subsequent monarchs have been in direct line of descent from this guy.
Hanoverians were imported under the terms of the 1701 Act of Settlement which secured the crown upon George’s mother (Sophia) and her heirs, subject to a long list of terms and conditions. Although George was himself descended from the far more absolutist Stuart James I, the essentially contractual nature of the arrangement established the idea that Parliament rather than Crown was the sovereign authority in England (and a few years later Britain).
More than fifty claimants were passed over in order to meet the Protestant terms of the 1701 Act. These fifty people would have, conservatively…
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